Altro Screed 3mm with Quickcure Extra

Altro Screed™ 3mm standard,
Altro Screed™ 3mm slip-resistant

Solvent-free, decorative, epoxy screed
with Altro Quickcure Extra seal coat

Technical and installation data sheet

June 2018

Product description
FeRFA type N/A

Altro Screed 3mm standard and Altro Screed 3mm slip-resistant variants are three-part solvent-free epoxy resin systems with a decorative appearance, comprising of clear resin and coloured graded or natural quartz aggregates.

Both Altro Screed variants produce a highly decorative floor screed providing a moderate level of chemical resistance for medium duty, low impact areas.

Altro Quickcure Extra seal coats allow for reduced down time and a quicker return to service. The seal coats form an integral part of the finished Altro epoxy screed and can be enhanced further with improved slip resistance.

Altro Quickcure Extra standard seal coat seals the surface for hygiene and ease of cleaning, but does not provide an increase in the slip-resistance offered by the aggregate within the Altro Screed.

Altro Quickcure Extra slip-resistant seal coat offers the performance of Altro Quickcure Extra, but with the added benefit of improved slip-resistance.*

Altro Seal water based matt is a clear polyurethane seal, applied in a tight roller-coat to provide a matt finish to epoxy screeds, offering a more natural appearance and diffusing some light reflections which highlight slight imperfections or undulations.

(Please note this product should not be applied onto heavily textured surfaces).

Standard colours

Altro Screed 3mm variants are available in a range of 18 standard colours. Bespoke colour systems require a minimum lead time and acceptance of a sample.

Typical areas of use

  • Communal areas
  • Offices
  • Laboratories *
  • Restaurants *
  • Entrance areas *

Advantages

  • Attractive colour range
  • Can be laid to falls and vertical applications
  • Ease of cleaning
  • Moderate chemical and stain resistance
  • Range of seal coat options
  • Provides seamless floor finish (substrate joints must be cut through

Sustainability

Altro’s steps to sustainability program seeks to optimise our performance with respect to the planet’s resources. Please refer to www.altro.com for further information.

Chemical resistance

Altro Screed 3mm variants, offer resistance to a range of commonly used chemicals. However, premature or prolonged contact with chemicals (including water) during the curing process may give rise to discolouration, staining and variation in gloss. In all cases of chemical spillage, it is essential that the spillage be immediately removed and the surface washed down with clean water, removing water by wet vacuum after operation. Although some chemicals may cause discolouration, this may not affect the durability and integrity of the resin screed. Please refer to Altro and FeRFA Guidance Note No.3 for further information.

Typical physical properties

 

Altro Screed 3mm variant Altro Quickcure Extra standard seal coat Altro Quickcure Extra slip-resistant seal coat
Application temperature 10°C to 25°C 10°C to 25°C 10°C to 25°C
Usable working life 30 minutes @ 20°C 15 minutes @ 10-20°C 15 minutes @ 10-20°C
Overcoating period/ light foot traffic 18 to 24 hours @ 20°C 1.5 hours @ 10-20°C 1.5 hours @ 10-20°C
Full service-after completion of the final seal coat

 

24 hours 24 hours
Slip resistance - BS 7976-PTV slider 96 wet condition Dependent on seal coat Moderate potential for slip Low potential for slip ≥40

Altro Screed slip-resistant is not suitable for use in barefoot shower areas.

Packaging

Altro Screed 3mm is available in a 23kg, three-part composite pack.

Altro Quickcure Extra standard seal, clear is available in a two-part composite pack in 2.5kg, 5.15kg and 10.3kg size.

Altro Quickcure Extra slip-resistant seal, clear is available in a three-part composite pack in 2.8kg, 5.8kg and 11.7kg size.

Altro Seal water-based matt is available in a two part composite pack in 5kg size.

Coverage

Altro Screed 3mm
3.7m² / 23kg unit @ 3mm

Altro Quickcure Extra seal coat options

Altro Quickcure Extra standard seal coat
1st coat 2.05m2 per kg (0.48 kg/m2)
2nd coat 4.6m2 per kg (0.22 kg/m2)
or

Altro Quickcure Extra slip-resistant seal coat
1st coat 1.8m2 per kg (0.55 kg/m2)
2nd coat 4.1m2 per kg (0.24 kg/m2)

Altro Seal water-based matt is an optional coating that can be applied after the Altro Screed seal coats above. It should not be applied directly to the epoxy screed.

Single coat 100m2 per 5kg unit.
The return to service of the system shall be in line with the recommendations for the Altro Seal water-based matt.

Material usage is dependent upon temperature, surface profile and porosity; stated coverage rates should be referred to for guidance only and cannot be relied upon to determine exact quantities. Although stringent quality assurance processes are employed, when colour consistency is required, a single batch should be used.

We cannot guarantee batch matches between different batches of aggregate. Necessary transitions between batches should be planned for non-conspicuous areas.

Dark coloured Altro Screed variants will highlight any defects such as roller lines and scratches.

Storage

Ensure that the product is received in good order and store in a dry, frost free environment, ideally between 15°C and 20°C for at least three days before laying. It is important to maintain the aggregate temperature during storage. Low temperature in the aggregate will adversely affect the product application. Excessively high and low storage temperatures will affect the laying performance of the product.

Suitable substrates

Altro Screed 3mm may be applied to a variety of substrates including, but not limited to, concrete, polymer-modified cementitious screeds, terrazzo, 25mm marine grade plywood (consult Altro for further guidance). For all proprietary subfloor systems refer to the manufacturer for recommendations and seek further guidance from Altro. FeRFA, The Resin Federation, does not recommend Calcium Sulphate, Anhydrite or Hemi-hydrite screeds for overlayment with synthetic resin surfaces.

Substrate requirements

Substrates should be dry, structurally sound and free from contamination, friable materials or laitance which may affect either the adhesion or penetration of the resin system. All residues of old paint coatings and dust must be removed. Substrates to achieve 26N/mm2 compressive strength BS EN 12504-2) and surface tensile strength 1.5N/mm² (BS EN 13892-8). Substrates must include an effective damp proof membrane and contain residual moisture not greater than 5% by weight (75% R.H.) to BS 8203. Thin-bed synthetic resin systems follow the surface of the substrate, so it is essential that the surface regularity of flatness conforms to or exceeds BS 8204.2 class SR2 (+/- 5mm under a 2 metre straight edge). Any deviation from this may require a surface improver to be applied which must be suitable to receive an epoxy resin overlay. Please consult Altro or FeRFA Guide to the Specification and Application of Synthetic Resin Flooring for further information.

Substrate preparation

Surface preparation is the most vital aspect of resin flooring application. Inadequate preparation will lead to loss of adhesion and failure. The substrate in question will dictate the method of preparation. In the case of a concrete floor, preparation by dust enclosed diamond floor grinder may be appropriate, or if of a sufficient area for economic reasons, should be lightly shot blasted to leave a textured surface free from contamination.

If the floor has been treated with a cementitious surface improver, then the surface should be prepared in accordance with the manufacturer’s recommendations, or abraded with an STR machine followed by thorough vacuuming.

Treatment of local repairs such as cracks and holes, improvement or modification of levels and removal of high spots, should be undertaken prior to the flooring installation. Please consult Altro or FeRFA’s Guide to the Specification and Application of Synthetic Resin Flooring for further guidance.

Planning

Before proceeding with the installation, careful consideration should determine the best way of installing the Altro system. Efforts should be made to minimise day joints and optimise the open time of the product (i.e. minimise the distance between mixing and laying). It is best to also consider the effect of external influences on the final installation (i.e. direction of light from windows etc.). Time spent at this stage will be invaluable towards the success of your installation. The Altro Screed floor system is designed to be laid at a nominal 3mm thickness. Altro recommend that stainless steel mixing, laying and application tools are used in this process. Metal transfer from mild steel tools may result in discolouration of the screed which will be unacceptable to your customer. This will be particularly noticeable with pale colours, please contact Altro for further guidance.

Application

The following application guide is based on laboratory and simulated site conditions. However, when installation conditions differ appreciably from those detailed by Altro, the performance characteristics of both mixing and laying may not be as expected. To achieve the best results at all times please endeavour to establish the correct conditions which in turn will allow the materials to be laid effectively, and meet your customers’ expectations.

Installation conditions

Altro Quickcure Extra can be applied at temperatures that are lower than those required for epoxy resin types without any detrimental effect on the cure rate. However, when using the Altro Quickcure Extra as a seal coat, consideration should be given to the other resin types used in the system, which in turn will determine the installation temperature and rate.

Apply in well ventilated areas. It is not advisable to mix and lay epoxy resin products outside the range of 10°C to 25°C. Both the slab and air temperature should be between 10°C and 25°C. Ambient conditions should be maintained at least 3°C above dew point or below 75% R.H. during the initial stages of cure. At site temperatures below 10°C cure times will be substantially increased unless some form of external heating is used. It must be recognised that the concrete slab temperature will generally be lower than the air temperature, often as much as 10°C, and this will govern the rate of cure. As the resin flooring cures, in condensing conditions moisture vapour may condense onto the surface and cause ‘blooming’ in epoxy systems, a permanent clouding of the surface. Cold, wet or humid conditions, and limited air-flow, can result in condensation on the part-cured floor. The workability, open-time, cure development and return to traffic will be significantly affected by ambient conditions.

Mixing equipment

* All tool number references relate to Refina Ltd 01202 632 270

  • Slow speed drill (200-500rpm), such as MM17 *
  • Mixing paddle, such as MR2 60B *
  • Forced action mixer (stainless blades), such as RM65 *
  • Stainless mixing vessel, such as RM65 drum *

Priming the substrate

In order to achieve a uniform finish, prevent bubbles and maximise substrate adhesion, primer should be used. An Altro primer should be selected which is suited to the installation, and appropriate for the nature and moisture content of the substrate (seek further guidance from Altro).

The appropriate Altro primer should be applied in accordance with the product data sheet. Whilst the primer is wet, lightly seed with a sharp, medium size kiln-dried aggregate (preferably 0.7 to 1.2mm quartz in colour to match the Altro Screed to be applied) and leave to cure.

Ensure that the substrate is well sealed and that all hungry areas are addressed before proceeding to install the system. If the overcoating time period for the primer is exceeded, the surface should be lightly abraded and vacuumed before further coats are applied.

Product installation

Altro Screed 3mm
Using a slow speed drill and paddle thoroughly mix together the base and hardener. Pour all the mixed base and hardener contents into a suitable clean polypropylene or stainless steel mixing vessel. The aggregate should be added gradually into the pre-mixed binder, whilst continuing the mixing action, and mix for a further 2-3 minutes in the forced action mixer. A single paddle Danes type mixer is unsuitable for use with this product. Excessively vigorous mixing should be avoided as this can lead to undesirable air entrainment. Care should be taken to ensure that any material adhering to the sides, bottom and corners of the mixer is thoroughly blended in. If the mixing area is not adjacent to the laying area the time required to transfer the mixed material will reduce the open installation time. Remember to always use the correct PPE.

Using a clean stainless steel trowel or sledge apply the Altro Screed to the prepared primed substrate. Ensure that the system is being laid to the desired depth (3mm) and fully closed off to leave a uniform compact surface. Because the flooring is hand finished, there may be slight variations in surface appearance resulting from the trowelling. A skilled operative will endeavour to keep these to a minimum so that the overall appearance and performance of the flooring will not be affected. The system must be sealed with two coats of Altro Quickcure Extra seal. Ensure the surface of the resin screed is contamination free and has been de-nibbed and thoroughly vacuumed as necessary.

Altro Quickcure Extra standard seal coat
Pour the contents of the hardener into the base unit, and using a slow speed drill and paddle thoroughly mix the contents for one minute. Avoid ponding of the Altro Quickcure Extra seal coat, as this will lead to uneven thickness and gloss levels.

Apply the seal coat to the screed using a grouting float or dense polypropylene foam squeegee, taking time to work the seal into the surface, ensuring that all porous areas of screed are fully satisfied. Roll the surface with a short nap de-fluffed synthetic roller to remove any excess sealer, and leave to cure for not longer than 5 hours at 20°C.

Mix and roller apply the finishing seal coat grouting into the screed using a grouting float or dense polypropylene foam squeegee and roll the surface as before to leave a uniform closed film across the floor where all excess is removed. Failure to remove excess may affect the slip resistance and appearance of the finished system.

Altro Quickcure Extra slip-resistant seal coat
Pour the contents of the hardener into the base unit and using a slow speed drill and paddle thoroughly mix the contents for one minute. Add the slip-resistant aggregate component. Mix for another minute until uniform.

Using a grouting float or dense polypropylene foam squeegee grout the Altro Quickcure Extra slip-resistant seal coat into the surface of the Altro Screed 3mm. Ensure that all porous areas of quartz are fully satisfied. Remove any excess material build-up on the surface. Using a short pile de-fluffed synthetic roller, back roller the surface to form an even continuous coating. Leave to cure for not longer than 5 hours at 20°C. Mix and apply a tight second coat as above to leave an even closed film across the floor. Always observe the coverage rates to ensure an even slip resistance of the finished system.

To achieve a cosmetic matt finish, the application of a single coat of Altro Seal water-based matt can be applied not more than 24 hours at 20°C following the final seal. Pour the contents of the hardener into the base unit, and thoroughly mix using a slow speed drill and paddle for two minutes making sure to incorporate all the matting agent in the base. Apply a very thin coat using a short nap synthetic roller applying the product to the floor from a paint tray. Heavy application of this seal will result in an opaque appearance of the finished floor, therefore care is required in its application.

Ensure good air-flow and ventilation to assist with cure. Enough time should be given to allow the Altro Seal water based matt to reach its full chemical cure. Physical drying of the surface alone is not indicative of the full cure properties including wear and chemical resistance.

Vertical application

For application of Altro Screed 3mm onto vertical surfaces the area must be prepared and primed using the appropriate Altro primer. While wet the primer should have 0.7-1.2mm dry quartz broadcast into it in order to provide a mechanical key for the subsequent Altro Screed 3mm. This should be allowed to cure.

Just prior to the application of the Altro Screed 3mm. A second coat of Altro Prime standard modified to be a paste consistency with the addition of Altro TX should be applied. The Altro Screed 3mm should be applied wet into wet into this thickened primer layer.

Joints

The spacing of movement joints must be determined by the design of the subfloor. All live movement joints in the subfloor must be continued through the resin flooring, failure to do so will result in live cracks being reflected through the resin finish. In all instances the type and positioning of movement joints should be agreed at the design stage between all parties concerned. Please refer to Altro or FeRFA’s Guide to the Specification and Application of Synthetic Resin Systems for further guidance. All joints should be filled with Altro Expand flexible jointing compound. Please see Altro Expand datasheet for further information.

Protection

Whilst of an extremely durable nature these floor systems must by thoroughly protected from the rigours and use that exist during the ongoing contractual works. The Altro Quickcure Extra resin seal coat should reach full chemical cure in 24 hours after the installation.

Untreated felt paper will suffice as protection from light traffic, however if protection is required from other trades then the following protection option should be considered. Where heavier access is required then a more suitable medium to take the loadings, such as shuttering ply or Correx by Cordek, should be placed on top of the untreated felt paper. The resin system should have cured for at least 24 hours prior to placing the protection. No polyethylene sheets, linseed-treated hardboard, print or dyed card should be placed in contact with the resin surface. All joints in the protection medium should be taped, and all accidental spillages should be recovered immediately by removal and reinstatement of the protection. Damage will occur to the guidance is not followed.

Cleaning (during installation)

All tools and equipment should be regularly cleaned using Altro Solve to reduce build up and maintain the quality of the installation. Use Altro Solve PU for the Altro Quickcure Extra. Always avoid contamination of the resin surface with solvent as this may cause localised bloom to occur. Ensure that the correct PPE is worn at all times.

Disposal

Due diligence must be adopted if accidental spillages occur. Recover using absorbent granules, transferring into a suitably marked container. Disposal of all empty containers and accidental spillages should be in accordance with the local waste disposal authority.

Cleaning guidance

Optimum slip resistance and appearance can only be maintained with regular cleaning. The texture of the surface will require mechanised cleaning; mop cleaning will not be effective. Steam cleaners and / or hot pressure cleaners should not be used on the floor or walls. A cold / ambient pressure washer may be used if required, but the pressure should not exceed 1400psi. Warm water will offer improved cleaning, but the water temperature should not exceed 60°C.

Entrance matting will reduce cleaning requirements and should also enhance the longevity of the floor, when combined with correct maintenance.

Regular cleaning regime

  • Sweep or vacuum the floor to remove debris
  • For normal cleaning, dilute an alkaline detergent such as Altro Clean 44 or similar, by 1:40 in clean water
  • Alternatively, dilute by 1:10 for infrequent heavy cleaning
  • Liberally apply the water and detergent solution to the floor, scrubbing with a deck scrubber or slow-speed (< 400rpm) scrubbing machine and Altro UniPad or similar
  • Pay particular attention to areas where residues may accumulate, such as internal corners of perimeter coves and around columns
  • If possible, allow the detergent solution to remain on the floor for several minutes to break down deposits, but not sufficiently long to allow the solution to evaporate
  • Remove the solution by wet vacuum recovery and follow this with a fresh water rinse, or rinse the solution into drains if permissible
  • It is important that all detergent residue is removed from the textured surface of the floor. Detergent may become slippery which affects safety, or sticky which attracts and holds more dirt

Altro Clean 44 and Altro Unipads are available from Altro.

Please refer to the most up-to-date technical documents,including safety data sheets, for the Altro resin variant prior to beginning your installation.

For further information or technical advice
call our Customer Care Centre on 01426 489516
or email: enquiries@altro.com

NOTE: “Altro Ltd” (“Altro”) endeavours to ensure that advice and information given in Product Data Sheets, Method Statements and Material Safety Data Sheets (all known as Product Literature) is accurate and correct. However, where Altro has no control over the selection of its products for particular applications, it is important that any prospective customer, user or specifier, satisfies him / herself that the product is suitable for the intended application. In this process, due regard should be taken of the nature and composition of the background / base and the ambient conditions both at the time of laying / applying / installing / curing of the material and when the completed work is to be brought into use.

However, as site conditions and the execution of the work are beyond our control, we accept no resultant liability.

Altro’s policy is one of continuous research and development and we reserve the right to update our products and information at any time without prior notice.